What Is The Average Time for A Female 10-Year-Old 50-Yard Freestyle?

What is the average time for a female 10-year-old 50-yard freestyle?

Seeing a new personal best time on the scoreboard is one of the greatest motivators for competitive swimmers. Reducing their time even by a few tenths of a second is a huge triumph.

The average time for a female 10-year-old in a 50-yard freestyle is influenced by several key factors. According to the US swimming chart, a time of 38.89 seconds (Short Course Yards) is considered good for this age group. Achieving this time means a 10-year-old swimmer qualifies for the national ‘B’ standard, allowing them to compete in swim meets. Reaching this time also opens up the possibility, with significant effort and training, of advancing to higher levels of competition in the future.

What is the Average Time for a Female 10-Year-Old in a 50 Yard Freestyle?

According to the 2017-2020 National Age Group Motivational Times, 10 & Under Girls’ 50-yard freestyle average times differ at each performance level.

  • B time: 38.89 seconds
  • BB time: 35.19 seconds
  • A time: 31.39 seconds
  • AA time: 30.19 seconds
  • AAA time: 28.89 seconds
  • AAAA time: 27.69 seconds

What Do These Times Mean?

These times are benchmarks for young swimmers to aim for. They’re divided into different categories, from B to AAAA, indicating a range from beginner to more advanced levels.

  • B level: At the B level, a 38.89-second time is an excellent starting goal for young swimmers
  • BB level: For the BB level, young swimmers target a time of 35.19 seconds as their skills improve.
  • A level: Achieving this time (31.39 seconds) shows notable proficiency in freestyle swimming.
  • AA level: Clocking in at 30.19 seconds indicates a significant advancement in swimming skills.
  • AAA level: Reaching a time of 28.89 seconds at the AAA level means the swimmer is performing exceptionally well.
  • AAAA level: At the AAAA level, a time of 27.69 seconds represents the peak of this age group’s competitive swimming ability.

Why These Times Matter?

If your goal is to improve your swimming skills, check the records of elite swimmers. This helps you track progress and understand what’s needed to compete with peers. Find these records at schools, in world junior records, or on the US swimming chart.

Reviewing records for your age group helps decide if you want to compete with elite swimmers or simply match your peers’ speed.

Average Swim Time by Age for 50 Yards

Short Course Yards

10 & Under Boys38.0934.4930.9929.7928.5927.39
11-12 Girls33.7931.4929.0927.8926.7925.59
11-12 Boys32.5930.2927.8926.7925.5924.49
13-14 Girls32.6930.2927.9926.7925.6924.49
13-14 Boys29.9927.8925.6924.6923.5922.49
15-16 Girls32.0929.7927.4926.3925.1924.09
15-16 Boys28.8926.7924.7923.6922.6921.69
17-18 Girls31.4929.1926.9925.8924.6923.59
17-18 Boys27.9925.9923.9922.9921.9920.99

Factors That Affect Swimming Times

Several specific factors affect swimmers’ performance and their times in the water. Understanding these factors helps swimmers create clear goals to improve their swim times.


For a swimmer, having good technique and being efficient in the water are crucial for speed. Poor technique leads to increased drag and slows a swimmer down. Building good form in all four strokes takes work but pays off tremendously for faster times.

Techniques like high elbow catches, correct kick timing, and a streamlined body position greatly increase speed. onsistent coaching is essential for swimmers who want to perfect their technique and achieve their best times.

Swimming Ability

Several physiological factors inherently affect a swimmer’s ability. Height, arm span, flexibility, lung capacity, and strength can lead to advantages or disadvantages in the water.

Swimmers with better strength-to-weight ratios, longer wingspans, and larger lung capacities have natural advantages, assuming equal conditioning.

Maturation in swimmers varies individually due to growth spurts. Peak performance occurs at different ages, influenced by genetic factors.

Water Temperature

Water temperature affects a swimmer’s muscle function and endurance. In colder water, muscles tire faster, making events over 200 meters feel much longer.

Elite swimmers prefer cooler water for sprints as it helps keep their muscles more responsive. For mid-distance races, pool temperature can cause a 5-10 second variance in swim times. While warm water is beneficial for longer events, it can reduce a swimmer’s power and speed.

Water Conditions

Swimmers slow down in rough water due to the extra energy needed to fight wakes, waves, and strong currents.

Wind speed and direction in open water swims can significantly change swimmers’ finishing times Competitive advantage comes from drawing the fastest water.

Proven Strategies to Boost Your Swim Time Performance

Swimmers at any level, from beginners to those nearing their peak, can make small adjustments to gradually lower their swim times.

Identify Technique Flaws

Use video analysis to identify flaws in technique, as swimmers often don’t realize their mistakes. Record from various angles to thoroughly assess each stroke’s key components:


  • Body position
  • Hand entry
  • Pull pattern
  • Kick timing
  • Breath timing

Compare your clips with elite swimmers’ techniques to identify differences. Then, seek coach feedback to pinpoint where improvements are most needed.

Arm Stroke Technique

We can agree that arm strokes are the important aspects of freestyle swimming. The technique of performing a freestyle stroke begins by assuming a prone position in water, then executing alternating movements.

One arm moves backwards in the water from an overhead position, towards the hip and provides propulsion. The other arm recovers above water from the hip towards the overhead position.

Afterward, your arms switch roles. In the same beat, your legs do the flutter kick, which means they are extended, kicking downwards and upwards in the water with pointed feet. This gives you a fair share of propulsion increasing your speed.

However, too often a mistake that swimmers make is to perform an arm stroke with low elbow position. The swimmer fails to catch as much water and pulls from the surface. However if you perform a correct arm stroke you can be able to catch a large amount of water, gain speed and momentum.

What is a correct arm stroke? A correct arm stroke is done by turning your forearm inside while your elbow is directed upwards. Your forearm and palms face down while your elbow stays in high position. This gives you the power to push and propel forward in the water, making your swimming super-efficient.

The opposite form would be a straight forearm with your elbow in low position and performing short arm strokes. This lowers your body position, leaves you tired and decreases your speed.


Another common mistake that swimmers make when swimming freestyle, is to lift the head forward instead of turning to the side to breathe. Doing so is counterproductive as it cause your legs and hips to drop hence slowing you down.

Learn to breathe out under water. Holding your breath will only add stress to your body, causing you to use too much energy. Instead, breathe in to the sides when your arm is in recovery, and out while underwater. The other hand should be out in front.

Do not start and arm stroke when your head is turned to the side. Rather start a new arm stroke when your head is down after taking a breath. Also, ensure that your arm is at an almost straight trajectory, it doesn’t go under your stomach and your body is directed forward. To know if you’re in good position, your fingers should touch your leg.

This is how triathletes breath since it allows them to be more relaxed. Another practice experienced swimmers use is having one eye open above water and the other, below the water surface. You can practice this when doing kick drills.

Develop Muscle Memory

Reinforce any adjustments by practicing them repeatedly to develop muscle memory. Utilize tools that resist movement to get feedback on the correctness of your motions. Start by performing motions slowly and deliberately, then gradually increase your pace.

Small improvements in complex movements lead to a more efficient stroke overall. Be patient, as it takes time for true changes in technique to become ingrained.

Increase Endurance

Improving cardiovascular capacity helps maintain faster swimming paces over longer periods. Higher VO2 max levels, indicating better aerobic fitness, help prevent fatigue later in races. During training, focus on swimming high-quality intervals at your threshold heart rate, rather than just accumulating yards.

Incorporate low-impact cardio exercises like running, biking, or using an upper-body ergometer to complement your swimming training. Such cross-training activities help improve lung capacity.

Build an Aerobic Base

When starting out, gradually increase your swimming volume at easy to moderate effort levels. This approach helps to increase your overall work capacity. This approach builds a solid foundation, preparing your body for more intense, anaerobic training later on.

Vary your training with distance days, long interval sets, and over-distance challenges. These help expand lung capacity and strengthen your vascular system. Aim to reach your target heart rates during training while maintaining proper stroke technique.

Speed-Pace Intervals

After establishing a base, start adding speed-focused intervals. These should target specific race paces that align with your time goals. Interval sets where each repetition gets faster help the body adapt to increasing lactate levels.

Perform training rounds at distances like 25, 50, and 75 meters, gradually increasing to your race distance while maintaining your goal split times. Focus on maintaining your pace even as fatigue increases to build mental strength.

Improve Strength

Building strength is crucial for maintaining consistent stroke length throughout a race. Increased strength also helps prevent muscle fatigue during the latter stages of long-distance events.

Target specific areas like lats, pecs, triceps and shoulders in the gym. Work the core frequently as well since so much force comes from the trunk. Incorporate exercises like push pace drills and resisted sprints for further improvement.

A stronger swimmer can exert more force and speed in each stroke, enhancing performance. Increases in propulsive power maintain higher stroke tempos without the high energy cost or deterioration of weaker muscles.

Greater strength ensures that swimmers can maintain their stroke length throughout the race by enabling full joint extension. Enhanced strength also leads to more powerful and enduring kicking, providing additional support.

Establish Rhythm

Identify optimal breathing points in each stroke that align with your body’s natural rotation underwater. Avoid taking unnecessary extra strokes or poorly timed breaths, as these require additional effort.

Integrating smooth breathing helps maintain a relaxed pace. Interrupting this flow with gasps can disrupt your tempo, balance, and alignment.

Breathe Less When Sprinting

When increasing your pace, focus on quicker exhales and shorter inhales to reduce drag. As your stroke rate increases, you’ll need fewer breaths to maintain adequate oxygen supply.

For high-intensity efforts, maintain streamlined movements. Avoid lifting or rising your body when breathing during sprints; instead, breathe to the side.

Train Consistently

Swimmers aiming to improve their times train consistently for extended periods. Instead of completely overhauling their technique, they focus on making minor adjustments. Gradual improvement, even if slower than peers, pays off as physical maturity eventually aligns with well-established skills.

To avoid burnout, vary your workouts while frequently practicing your target paces. Regularly experiencing speed demands during training builds confidence.

Commit To The Process

Focus on making small improvements daily and weekly. Don’t compare your progress with others, especially those experiencing early growth spurts. Stay patient and trust preparation.

When transitioning to new programs or coaches, be patient to allow time for adjustments to take effect fully.

Chart Benchmark Times

Record your times each season and compare them year-to-year, to see steady improvements against age group averages and your personal bests. This tracking shows that consistent hard work leads to significant improvements over time.

Comparing your time improvements across different ability levels is a great way to stay motivated and continue improving in technique, endurance, and power.

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