A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Your Pomeranians

A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Your Pomeranians

Are you considering adding a Pomeranian to your family? These adorable little fluff balls are known for their playful personalities and loyal companionship.

It is imperative to have a thorough comprehension of this particular breed before bringing one into your home.

In this guide, we’ll explore every aspect of Pomeranians, from their history and temperament to their intelligence, dietary needs, exercise requirements, and more.

Pomeranian History: What Are Pomeranians Bred For?

Pomeranians have their origin in the Pomerania region, which is presently situated in Germany and Poland. The breed was named after this region and was originally much larger than the Pomeranians we know today.

Pomeranians were bred to be working dogs, specifically for herding sheep and protecting their families.

The breed gained immense popularity in the 19th century after Queen Victoria of England became fond of them. She owned several Pomeranians and even exhibited them in dog shows, which helped to popularize the breed in England and around the world.

Despite their small size, Pomeranians are descendants of larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. They were bred down in size over time to become the toy breed that we know and love today.

Pomeranians are recognized for their active and loving traits, making them ideal companions for both families and individuals.

How Big Do Pomeranians Get?

Pomeranians are a diminutive dog breed that usually stands at a height of 7 to 12 inches and weighs between 3 and 7 pounds.

Several factors determine the final size of a Pomeranian.

The first factor is genetics, as the size of the Pomeranian’s parents plays a significant role in determining the adult size of the puppy.

Other factors that can influence the size of a Pomeranian include nutrition, exercise, and overall health.

Pomeranians have a tendency to gain weight, make sure to provide them with a balanced diet and regular exercise routine.

Pomeranians typically reach their full size by the time they are one year old. However, they can continue to fill out and gain muscle mass until they are two years old.

Pomeranian Temperament: What Is It Like to Own a Pomeranian?

Pomeranians are friendly, alert, and bossy dogs that can make wonderful companions for the right person. While Pomeranians are recognized for their intelligence and loyalty, they need appropriate socialization and training to guarantee good behavior.

One of the defining characteristics of Pomeranians is their tendency to bark.

Pomeranians are infamous for their excessive barking, which can be a challenge for some owners. Nevertheless, with proper training and socialization, Pomeranian owners can teach their dogs when it is suitable to bark and when it is not.

Pomeranians are also very smart dogs, which can make them a joy to train. They can learn a variety of tricks and commands, and they thrive on challenges. However, their bossy nature can make training a bit of a challenge at times. It is important to establish yourself as the pack leader early on to ensure your Pomeranian listens to you.

Socialization is also key when it comes to Pomeranian temperament.

Without proper socialization, Pomeranians may exhibit wariness towards strangers, making it important to expose them to diverse people and scenarios from an early age. This will help them become more confident and well-adjusted dogs.

Do Pomeranians Get Along With Cats?

The answer is that it depends on the individual animals and their personalities.

Pomeranians are generally friendly and social dogs, but they also have a high prey drive. This means that they may see a cat as something to chase and hunt. However, with proper training and socialization, Pomeranians can learn to coexist peacefully with cats.

Introducing a Pomeranian to a cat should be done gradually and under supervision. An effective method to introduce Pomeranians to each other is by keeping them in separate rooms and allowing them to become familiar with each other’s scent through a closed door.

It’s important to note that not all cats and Pomeranians will get along. Some cats may be too fearful or aggressive towards dogs, while some Pomeranians may be too high-energy and excitable for cats. It’s important to monitor their interactions and separate them if necessary.

When considering getting a Pomeranian as a pet while already having a cat, it is crucial to select a dog with a calm and gentle temperament. Pomeranians that have been raised with cats since they were puppies are more likely to get along with them.

Are Pomeranians Good with Kids?

Pomeranians can be good with kids if they are socialized properly and if the kids are taught how to interact with them gently.

Firstly, Pomeranians can be good with kids if they are socialized properly from a young age. This means exposing them to different people, environments, and situations to help them become well-adjusted and confident dogs. Socialization can help prevent behavioral issues, such as fearfulness or aggression, which may arise if a Pomeranian is not used to being around kids.

Secondly, Pomeranians can be good with kids if the kids are taught how to interact with them properly. Pomeranians are small dogs, and kids may accidentally hurt them if they are not gentle or if they pull on their tails or fur. Therefore, it is important to teach kids how to handle and play with Pomeranians appropriately.

Pomeranians may not be the most suitable option for families with young children. Pomeranians are delicate dogs that can be easily injured if mishandled or accidentally stepped on by a child. Additionally, Pomeranians may not tolerate the loud noises and sudden movements that young children tend to make, which can cause them to become anxious or fearful.

Pomeranian Intelligence: How Smart Are They?

According to the intelligence ranking list, Pomeranians are considered an “excellent working dog” and rank 23rd among all dog breeds. This puts them in a group of dogs that are considered to be quite intelligent.

keep in mind that intelligence levels can vary among Pomeranians, and not all dogs of this breed will have the same level of intelligence.

One aspect of Pomeranian intelligence is their ability to learn and respond to words and commands. Smart dogs tend to respond faster to commands, and Pomeranians are no exception. They excel at word knowledge and are usually very responsive to training. However, it’s important to be patient and consistent when training your Pomeranian, as they can have a stubborn streak that can make training a challenge.

Another aspect of Pomeranian intelligence is their instinctive intelligence.  Pomeranians are recognized for their protective instincts, and they can be very vigilant and conscious of their surroundings.

Pomeranians exhibit a fierce loyalty to their owners and are willing to take any measure to safeguard them.

How Often Do Pomeranians Bark?

Pomeranians are known for their barking tendencies, but the frequency of their barking can vary depending on different factors.

Here are some things to consider:

Pomeranian Barking Habits

Pomeranians are naturally vocal dogs and may bark more than other breeds. They may bark to alert their owners of perceived threats, to express excitement or anxiety, or to communicate with other dogs. Pomeranians may also bark out of boredom or to get attention.

Training Your Pomeranian

Training your Pomeranian to bark less can be done with patience and consistency. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as rewarding your dog for being quiet, can be effective.

You can also redirect your dog’s attention by providing toys or treats when they start barking. Consistent training can help reduce the frequency of your Pomeranian’s barking.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors can also affect how often your Pomeranian barks.

In noisy environments, such as busy streets or homes with loud sounds, Pomeranians may bark more frequently.

Separation anxiety can also cause excessive barking when your Pomeranian is left alone.

How Much Sleep Should a Pomeranian Have?

Pomeranian puppies need a lot of sleep to grow and develop properly.

Newborn Pomeranians require sleep approximately 20 to 22 hours, while puppies aged between 3 and 6 months need sleep 18 to 20 hours.

As they get older, their sleep needs decrease. Pomeranian puppies aged between 6 and 12 months require about 14 to 16 hours of sleep a day.

Adult Pomeranians need less sleep than puppies. They should sleep through the night and mimic their owner’s sleep schedule. On average, adult Pomeranians sleep around 12 to 14 hours per day.

However, some Pomeranians may need more or less sleep, depending on their individual needs.

Senior Pomeranians need more sleep than adult Pomeranians. They should sleep around 13 to 14 hours per day. As they age, they may experience health issues that affect their sleep, such as arthritis or cognitive dysfunction. If you notice changes in your senior Pomeranian’s sleep patterns, it’s important to talk to your veterinarian.

4 Tips for a Good Night’s Sleep

  • First, establish a regular sleep routine, including a designated sleeping area.
  • Second, provide comfortable bedding and a cozy environment.
  • Third, make sure your Pomeranian gets enough exercise during the day to tire them out before bedtime.
  • Finally, avoid feeding your Pomeranian right before bedtime to prevent discomfort and digestive issues.

Best Age to Breed a New Pomeranian

Female Pomeranians usually reach sexual maturity between 6-9 months of age, it is advisable to wait until they are at least 2 years old before breeding.

This allows the dog to fully mature and reduces the risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery.

It is crucial to guarantee that the female Pomeranian is in excellent health and has no underlying medical conditions that could impact her ability to carry and deliver healthy puppies.

Male Pomeranians can begin breeding as early as 6-9 months old, it is advisable to wait until they are at least 12 months old.

This allows the dog to fully mature and ensures that his sperm is of good quality.

Best Age to Spay/Neuter a Pomeranian

Delaying the procedure until your Pomeranian reaches at least 6 to 9 months old can help mitigate the risk of specific cancers in their later years.

Some veterinarians recommend spaying or neutering your Pomeranian before they reach puberty. This can prevent unwanted behaviors such as marking, male aggression, mounting, and humping. The right age to spay or neuter your Pomeranian can depend on their individual development and behavior.

To ascertain the ideal age for spaying or neutering your Pomeranian, consulting a veterinarian is strongly suggested. They can evaluate your dog’s health and provide guidance on the most appropriate age and approach for the procedure.

The Ultimate Guide to What Pomeranians Can (And Can’t) Eat

It is vital to provide your Pomeranian with a healthy and balanced diet. Be aware of what foods are safe for your Pomeranian to eat and what foods can be harmful.

What Pomeranians Can Eat

  • Lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and beef
  • Cooked fish such as salmon and tuna
  • Fruits such as strawberries, bananas, and apples (without seeds)
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, and green beans
  • Cooked grains such as rice and quinoa

These foods are high in essential nutrients that your Pomeranian needs to stay healthy. feed them in moderation and to avoid foods that can cause health problems.

What Pomeranians Can’t Eat

There are several foods that Pomeranians should avoid, including:

  • Chocolate
  • Grapes and raisins
  • Onions and garlic
  • Avocado
  • Alcohol
  • Xylitol (found in some sugar-free gum and candy)

Consuming these foods can be harmful to Pomeranians, potentially leading to severe health issues like vomiting, diarrhea, and even fatalities. keep these foods away from your Pomeranian and to seek veterinary care if they accidentally consume any of them.

Are Pomeranians Easy to Train?

Pomeranians are generally easy to train due to their intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. Training your Pomeranian requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.

Potty Training

Potty training your Pomeranian can be a bit challenging due to their small size and bladder. You will need to supervise your Pomeranian closely, be consistent, and patient. Pomeranians can be trained to use puppy pads, go outside, or even use a litter box. Developing a good daily routine can help your Pomeranian learn where and when to go potty.

Basic Commands

Teaching your Pomeranian basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and down is essential. You can start by using treats to reward your Pomeranian when they follow your commands. Consistency is key when it comes to teaching your Pomeranian basic commands. Short training sessions, lasting 10-15 minutes several times a day, can be effective.


Socializing your Pomeranian is crucial to their overall development. Expose your Pomeranian to different people, animals, and environments. Socialization can help your Pomeranian become more confident, friendly, and well-behaved.

Can Pomeranians Swim?

Pomeranians can swim, but they are not natural swimmers. With appropriate training and supervision, your Pomeranian can learn to swim well and enjoy the water.

Make sure always prioritize your dog’s safety and comfort when introducing them to swimming.

Pomeranian Swimming Ability

Pomeranians have the instinct to swim, but they lack the strength and stamina to swim long distances. Due to their small size and short legs, Pomeranians may find it hard to swim for extended periods.

Swimming Safety

Not all Pomeranians enjoy swimming, and some may be afraid of the water. If you’re introducing your Pomeranian to swimming, it’s crucial to do it gradually and in a safe environment. You should never force your dog to swim or throw them into the water without proper training.

Additionally, it’s essential to supervise your Pomeranian while they’re swimming. Even if your dog is a good swimmer, accidents may happen. You should also avoid taking your Pomeranian to deep or rough waters, as they may tire quickly and struggle to stay afloat.

Tips for Pomeranian Swimming

  • Initiate with shallow water: Introduce your Pomeranian to shallow water, like a children’s pool or a shallow part of a lake. This enables them to become accustomed to the feeling of being in water
  • Use a life jacket: Consider using a life jacket for your Pomeranian. A life jacket will help keep them afloat and make them feel more secure.
  • Reward with treats: Positive reinforcement is key when training your Pomeranian to swim. Reward them with treats and praise when they do well.

Can Pomeranians Run Long Distances?

Due to their small size and short legs, Pomeranians are not the best choice for long-distance running. Their compact bodies can put extra strain on their joints and muscles when attempting to keep up with more substantial or longer-legged companions.

Another factor to consider is the Pomeranian’s thick double coat, which serves as an excellent insulator. While this coat is beneficial in colder climates, it can make the breed more susceptible to overheating during prolonged physical activity, particularly in warmer weather. Excessive heat can result in heatstroke, a potentially fatal situation that needs urgent care.

Pomeranians still enjoy and benefit from regular exercise. Short walks, play sessions, and indoor activities can provide ample opportunities for them to expend their energy and maintain good health.

It’s essential to monitor your Pomeranian closely during any form of exercise and adjust the intensity and duration according to their individual needs and abilities.

Are Pomeranians Hypoallergenic?

Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic dogs, but they may produce less dander than other breeds.

All dogs produce dander, which is a common allergen for many people. Even though Pomeranians have a thick double coat that sheds lightly, they still produce dander and can cause allergic reactions in some people.

However, some people with allergies may still be able to tolerate Pomeranians better than other dog breeds. This is because Pomeranians produce less dander than some other breeds, and they are also small in size, which means they produce less saliva and urine that can also trigger allergies.

If you have allergies, it’s best to spend some time around it to see if you have a reaction. You can also try spending time with other dogs that produce less dander to see if you have a reaction to them.

Do Pomeranians Shed?

Pomeranians do shed, but the amount of shedding can vary depending on a few factors.

Pomeranians have a double-layer coat that consists of a soft, fluffy undercoat and a longer, coarser topcoat. This double-layer coat helps protect them from the cold, but it also means that they shed regularly.

Pomeranians shed seasonally, which means that they shed more during the spring and fall as their coats change to adapt to the changing temperatures.

The amount of shedding can also depend on the individual dog. Some Pomeranians shed more than others, and some may shed more during certain times of the year. However, daily brushing can help remove loose hair and reduce shedding.

It’s also important to note that female Pomeranians may shed more after giving birth to a litter of puppies. This is known as the total shed, and it typically occurs when the puppies are six to eight weeks old. After the total shed, the female Pomeranian’s coat will start to grow back.

Regular grooming and brushing can help remove loose hair and prevent matting. You can also talk to your veterinarian about supplements or other products that may help reduce shedding.

Can Pomeranians Stay Outside in the Cold?

Pomeranians can stay outside in cold weather for a limited time if they have protection and are not exposed to extreme temperatures or wet conditions.

However, it’s essential to monitor your Pom closely and provide it with a warm shelter and clothing to prevent hypothermia and other cold-related health issues.

According to experts, a Pomeranian can safely stay outside in dry conditions with temperatures below freezing (below 32 F) for 30 to 45 minutes, if actively moving. If your Pom has protection via a winter coat or other warm clothing, this time can extend to 60 minutes. However, with extreme cold temperatures (10 F or less), time outside should remain under 10 minutes.

If your Pom gets wet, the time it can stay outside decreases significantly. For instance, if it gets wet in a puddle or after a bath and goes outside before it’s dry, hypothermia may set in within 15 minutes. If it plays in the snow and gets its coat wet, the time would be 20-30 minutes.

In order to ensure your Pomeranian’s safety and comfort in chilly weather, you should offer a cozy and dry refuge, like a dog house or a heated indoor area. You should also limit its time outside and supervise it closely to ensure that it doesn’t get too cold or wet. Additionally, you can dress your Pom in a warm coat or sweater to help it retain body heat.

Can Pomeranians Stay Outside in the Heat?

Pomeranians cannot stay outside in the heat for extended periods.

Pomeranians are highly prone to heatstroke, which can lead to dehydration. Make sure to keep your Pomeranian in a cool and shaded area during the hot summer months.

  • Provide fresh water: Always give your Pomeranian access to clean, fresh water.
  • Keep them indoors: During the hottest hours of the day, keep your Pomeranian in a cool, air-conditioned room.
  • Avoid hot surfaces: The concrete and asphalt surfaces may be 30 degrees hotter than normal. It’s critical that you keep your Pom’s paws protected in summer. Even though paws have thick skin, it doesn’t make them resistant to heat, and it only takes seconds to incur first-degree burns.
  • Provide shade: If your Pomeranian must be outside, make sure they have access to a shaded area. Consider setting up an umbrella or canopy to provide shade.

Are Pomeranians Good Service Dogs?

Pomeranians could potentially excel as emotional support animals or therapy dogs, given their affectionate nature and ability to form strong bonds with their owners.

Emotional support animals provide comfort and companionship to individuals with mental health conditions, while therapy dogs visit hospitals, nursing homes, and schools to offer therapeutic interactions.

In these roles, the Pomeranian’s small size and friendly demeanor can be advantageous, as they can easily snuggle up to someone in need of comfort.

However, Pomeranians are not suitable for all types of service dog tasks. Due to their small size, they may not be able to perform tasks that  demand considerable strength or stamina.

Pomeranian Mixed Breeds

Pomeranian mixed breeds are a great choice for dog lovers who want a unique and playful companion. These dogs are known for their unique personalities and stunning physical features.

Here are some popular Pomeranian mix breeds:

Pomsky: a cross between a Pomeranian and a Husky. These dogs have the Pomeranian’s small size and the Husky’s striking appearance, making them a favorite among dog lovers.

Pomchi: the Pomeranian and Chihuahua mix. These dogs are small in size but big in personality. They are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them great lap dogs.

Pomapoo: The Pomeranian and Poodle mix. These dogs have the Pomeranian’s fluffy coat and the Poodle’s curly hair, making them a favorite among dog lovers who are allergic to pet hair.

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