Those of us familiar with horse breeding, and soon enough, those of you reading this, even if you’re not familiar with horse breeding, know that there is a myriad total of classifications for horses. Some go by breed, some go by coloring, and others go by seemingly arbitrary traits. One such distinction, which can prove to be confusing at first, is the difference between a Pinto and a Paint horse.
These two types, the Pinto Horse and the Paint Horse, are not the same. The difference between the two lies in their breeding and coloration. The Paint Horse is considered such based on its breeding and genetic ancestry. A Pinto Horse is classified as such just based on its coloration and patterning. In short, a Paint Horse is a breed and a Pinto Horse is a color type.
To learn more about the differences between these two horse types in detail and each horse’s characteristics, read on. Both horse enthusiasts and casual knowledge gleaners alike will find the following information helpful and interesting.
Is a Pinto Horse the Same as a Paint Horse?
To give a quick answer, no. A Pinto Horse is not the same as a Paint Horse. According to the classifications of the American Paint Horse Association (APHA) the Pinto and Paint Horses are distinguishable by breeding and by coloration. Although they can be similar in appearance, there are some subtle, but distinct differences that set them apart.
What is the Difference Between a Pinto and a Paint Horse?
As stated above, the difference between a Pinto and a Paint Horse is their coloration and breeding. To be more specific, the Paint Horse’s breeding background and the color and design of the Pinto Horse.
According to the American Paint Horse Association, a Paint Horse “has strict bloodline requirements and a distinctive stock-horse body type.” A Paint Horse’s lineage must consist of only Quarter Horse, Paint Horse, or Thoroughbred Pedigree parents. In order to be a Paint Horse, that horse’s parents must be registered as one of the above three pedigrees with the American Paint Horse Association, American Quarter Horse Association, or the Jockey Club.
Meanwhile, a Pinto Horse is classified as such based on the colorful coat pattern. This design and coloration can be seen across many breeds, so a Pinto Horse is not a breed, but more a look.
Is a Pinto a Horse?
Yes, a Pinto is a horse. A Pinto Horse is a kind of horse with the distinctive colorful and patterned coat sought out by The Pinto Horse Association of America and the National Pinto Horse Registry. Since Pinto Horses are classified solely on their coloration and pattern, they can span across several breeds.
What Kind of Horse is a Pinto?
A Pinto Horse is a horse with a distinctive coloration and coat pattern. Their most notable characteristic is the spotted design of their coat. Their coloration also follows the pattern of a dark background color with spots or splotches of white of light color across their body.
The most common breeds to be classified as Pinto Horses are the American Saddlebred, Gypsy Horse, and the Miniature Horse. There are several other breeds that can be considered Pinto. Historically, the most common of these is the Paint Horse, hence the confusion between the two.
What is the Pinto Horse Used For?
One of the most well-known claims to fame the Pinto has is as a war horse for Native American Tribes in the American West. Native American warriors would often used darkly colored and spotted horses as they rode into battle.
Nowadays, the Pinto Horse can hold a variety of jobs. Since it is bred for its coloring rather than its physical composition, the body type of Pinto Horses can vary widely. Because of this, they can hold many jobs, depending on their breed and body type.
How Big is a Pinto Horse?
Unlike many other types of horse, Pinto horses are bred for their color and not for their body type. This causes the Pinto Horse’s body type to be far from uniform and spread across many breeds of horse.
The size of a Pinto Horse changes depending on its breed and other factors. It can be as small as a miniature horse (thirty-four to thirty-eight inches in height) to as large as a riding horse (sixty-two to sixty-eight inches in height).
A Pinto Horse’s size is classified into four main types:
- Miniature: usually about 34 inches.
- Miniature B: usually about 34-38 inches.
- Pony: usually about 38-56 inches.
- Horse: 56 inches and up.
Where Do Pinto Horses Come From?
Pinto Horses originally come from Spain. When European colonists came over to the U.S., they brought Pinto horses with them.
The unique coloration and pattern of Pinto Horse’s coats comes from the mixing and interbreeding of Barb horses with Russian, European, and Arabian breeds.
The Pinto Horse’s American history starts with Native American Tribes using them. Early recounts of pioneers moving westward tell of Pinto horses and ponies being used mainly as war horses by the warriors of Native American Tribes.
What’s the Difference Between a Pinto and an Appaloosa?
Both Paint and Appaloosa Horses are a type of horse bred for their patterns and colors. Both horses have a spotted pattern with a light/dark colored coat. The difference between these two horses comes in the details of their patterns and colors.
The Pinto Horse has a dark background on their coat, with large spots or splotches of white or other light colors. The Appaloosa Horse has the same pattern, but opposite colors. They have a white or light background on their coat with smaller spots of black or dark colors across their bodies.
The Appaloosa often have their spots concentrated on their rump, though this pattern does not have to be contained to that area.
One other thing these two types of horse have in common is their history. Both Pinto and Appaloosa Horses were used by Native American Tribes. The Appaloosa Horse was selectively bred by the Nez Perce Tribe.
How Many Types of Pinto Horses are There?
As mentioned before, Pinto Horses can span many different breeds of horse since they are solely classified by their coloring and patterns. This means that there can be many different types of Pinto Horse, each with a unique look, body type, and use.
The best classification of Pinto horses, though, group all these different kinds of horse into four distinct groups: Saddle Type, Stock Type, Hunter Type, and Racing Type.
These four different types affect how these horses are bred. Most breeders practice, and are encouraged to uphold, breeding within one type. This helps keep the classification of types uniform and clear.
Pinto Horse Genetics
The genetics matching it takes to breed a Pinto Horse can be a bit tricky. In general, Pinto Horses possess at least one or more of the color and pattern genes for Tobino, Sabino, Splashed White, or Ovaro kinds of horses. This helps the Pinto Horse achieve the distinct color and patterning they are known for.
Since Pinto Horses can spread across many kinds of breeds, there is no set combination of breeds that will yield the best result. However, most breeders tend to breed Pinto Horses within the four types listed above. This helps give each type of Pinto Horse a uniform size, look, and use.
Pinto Horse Unique Facts
Below are some fun facts to tickle that thirst for knowledge you have:
1. Pinto Horses are not considered a true breed. Instead, they are seen as a color and pattern classification of horse.
2. Pinto Horses usually have pink skin, blue eyes, and white or multi-colored hooves.
3. The Pinto Horse’s patterns and coloration made it an advantageous war horse in the American West. Native American Tribes used the Pinto color pattern as natural camouflage during battles and wars.
4. The Pinto, as mentioned before, did not originate in North America, but in Spain. Some accounts claim that the base of Pinto coloring can be traced as far back as the Roman Empire.
5. The word “pinto” in Spanish translates to “paint.” This is a big reason for the constant confusion between it and the breed of Paint Horse. It was named “Pinto” because its coloring and patterns made it look like they had been painted on.
Are Pinto Horses Good for Beginners?
Pinto Horses are known to be smart, loyal, and docile animals. They learn quickly and follow their owner with little to no pushback. Their beautiful coloration and patterns do not hurt, either.
If you are a beginner horse owner and looking for an easy horse to care for and ride, you can’t do much better than a Pinto. In fact, Pinto Horses have been widely used throughout history, especially in warlike scenarios, due to their ability to learn quickly and follow commands well.
Are Paint Horses Good Jumpers?
Whether a Paint Horse is a good jumper depends on their conformation. This is to say, it depends on what body type it was bred to have.
The best jumpers are horses with longer legs and proportional bodies. This allows the horse to jump with good form. However, if their conformation gives them a stocky build, they will not be such good jumpers.
Are Pinto Horses Fast?
A Pinto Horse’s speed depends on their breeding and conformation. The body type they have can affect their stride and speed.
A horse’s average speed is about thirty miles per hour. Pinto Horses with longer legs or of a speedy breed can often be faster than this. However, Pinto Horses of stockier build and smaller breed can be below this mark.