While Pomeranians have an arctic ancestry, they are still small dogs susceptible to the elements.
If under 32°F, a dry-coated Pomeranian shouldn’t stay out over 15 minutes. Allowing their coat to get wet in freezing temps is hazardous.
In this article, we’ll explore Pomeranians’ tolerance for chilly conditions. You’ll learn how cold is too cold for a Pom, signs your dog is getting too cold, and tips to keep your fluffy friend cozy when the mercury dips. We’ll also look at other cold weather risks for Pomeranians.
- Pomeranian Cold Tolerance
- Is My Pomeranian Weatherproof?
- How Cold is Too Cold for Your Pomeranian?
- How Long Can Pomeranians Stay in the Cold?
- Do Pomeranians Get Cold?
- Do Pomeranians Like the Cold?
- Watch Out for Cold Warning Signs
- How to Help Your Pomeranian When it's Cold?
- What are Other Dangers from the Cold?
- Exercise During the Winter
- Caring for Pomeranians in the Cold
- What Food Should Pomeranians Eat if They are Outside for Long Periods in the Cold?
Pomeranian Cold Tolerance
Pomeranians have a reputation as a cold weather breed thanks to their double coat and compact size, but how well can they truly tolerate frigid temperatures? Here’s what to know about Pomeranian cold hardiness:
- Double coat – Their thick undercoat and harsh outer coat provides insulation against cold and moisture.
- Small size – Weighing just 3-7 pounds, Pomeranians lose body heat quickly compared to larger breeds.
- Arctic ancestry – Originally bred as sled dogs in northern climates, they have genetics adapted for cold.
- Ideal temperature – While able to handle cold better than some breeds, most Poms are happiest between 60-80°F.
- Health risks – Despite their adaptations, Pomeranians are still susceptible to hypothermia and frostbite.
- Individual variation – Coat thickness, body condition, and age impact cold tolerance from dog to dog.
- Weather conditions – Pomeranians handle dry cold better than wet cold (rain, snow, wind).
- Time limits – Prolonged exposure to freezing temps will overwhelm even cold-friendly Poms.
In very cold climates, Pomeranians are best kept primarily as indoor pets. Use sweaters, limit time outside, and watch closely for signs of distress when temperatures plummet. With diligent care, most Poms can enjoy brief outdoor time even when the mercury dips.
Is My Pomeranian Weatherproof?
Pomeranians have a double coat that gives them natural insulation against the cold. Their outer coat is long and harsh while their undercoat is thick, soft, and wooly. This double layered coat helps trap heat near the skin.
- Coat thickness – Some Poms have thin or patchy coats. These won’t keep them as warm.
- Coat health – Matted or damaged fur won’t keep heat in. Keep your Pom’s coat healthy.
- Body condition – Poms with healthy weight handle cold better. Under or overweight Poms get cold faster.
- Age – Poms aged 1-6 years handle cold best. Puppy and senior dog coats don’t insulate as well.
- Size – Bigger Poms keep heat better. Tiny teacup Poms lose heat faster.
- Weather conditions – Wind, rain, and freezing temps make cold worse. Don’t keep Poms out long in ice.
- Time outdoors – Longer time in cold affects Poms more. Limit time out in freezing weather.
- Individual variation – Some Poms handle cold better thanks to thick fur. Others shiver fast. Know your dog’s limits.
How Cold is Too Cold for Your Pomeranian?
- Above 20°F (-6°C) – most adult Poms can take short potty or walk breaks if dressed warm. Don’t stay out too long.
- 10°F to 20°F (-12°C to -6°C) – This is the limit for potty breaks. Keep walks under 5 minutes. Pups and senior dogs shouldn’t stay out that long.
- 0°F to 10°F (-18°C to -12°C) – Just take your Pom out for potty breaks. No walks recommended due to risk of hypothermia and frostbite.
- Below 0°F (-18°C) – Skip walks. Use pads or litter box until over 32°F. Don’t leave dogs out long in bitter cold.
How Long Can Pomeranians Stay in the Cold?
The length of time that a Pomeranian can stay outside in cold weather depends on the temperature and protection that the Pom has. If they stay out too long, your Pom will develop hypothermia. Hypothermia is 98 degrees Fahrenheit, and their normal body temperature is 101 to 102.5 degrees.
If your Pomeranian was already wet, they could get hypothermia within as little as 15 minutes. If your Pomeranian played in the snow and became wet, it may take around 20 to 30 minutes.
For a Pom with a dry coat in the temperature range of 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit, they can last about 1 hour outside.
For those that are extremely active and hydrated, they can last up to 2 hours. For temperatures below 32 degrees, they can only safely be outside for about 30 to 45 minutes. If they wear protective clothing, this can extend to 60 minutes. For extremes in cold temperatures, such as below 10 degrees, they should be out for less than 10 minutes.
Do Pomeranians Get Cold?
Even with thick fur, Poms can get cold in very cold weather.
Parts prone to feeling cold – A Pomeranian’s paws, nose, ears, and rear end are areas with little fur coverage and are highly sensitive to cold.
Listen to your dog – if your Pom seems distressed by the cold, bring them back indoors quickly.
Do Pomeranians Like the Cold?
The reality is more nuanced. While some Poms don’t seem bothered by chilly temps, others have low cold tolerance.
Signs your Pom enjoys the cold:
- Eagerly runs outside into the cold
- Explores happily without shivering
- Dislikes coming back inside
- Plays enthusiastically in the snow
Signs your Pom dislikes the cold:
- Hesitates to go outside when cold
- Shivers or seems anxious/distressed
- Tries to stay in warm spots outside
- Rushes to come back indoors
Get to know your dog’s signals..
Watch Out for Cold Warning Signs
There are a few signs to tell if your Pomeranian is too cold such as:
- Hunched posture with a tucked-in tail
- Change in behavior like being anxious or uncomfortable
- Looks for a shelter
- Shivering or shaking
- Barking or whining
- Lifts paw off the ground
- Resistant to walk or wants to turn around
How to Help Your Pomeranian When it’s Cold?
Pomeranians need a little extra attention to stay comfortable outside.
- Get them a coat or sweater. A weatherproof layer provides extra insulation for walks. Ensure proper fit so your Pom can move freely.
- Try booties. Paw balm provides some protection but booties are best to shield paws from frozen ground, ice, and snow. Introduce them gradually.
- Brush frequently. Regular brushing prevents matting and keeps their thick double coat in peak condition for retaining body heat.
- Bathe only when needed. Over-bathing damages coat oils that help repel chill and moisture. Limit to once every 6-8 weeks in winter.
- Add a few pounds. In a healthy range, a bit of extra weight creates an insulation layer to hold in warmth. Ask your vet about ideal winter weight.
- Warm up the car. Heat the car before travel on frigid days. Bring a cozy blanket or bed they can burrow into.
- Check paws. Look for signs of frostbite like discoloration or blisters after being outside in snow or ice. Contact the vet if found.
- Crate train indoors. On bitterly cold nights, consider having your Pomeranian sleep in a crate rather than outdoors.
What are Other Dangers from the Cold?
In addition to hypothermia and frostbite, cold weather poses other safety risks for Pomeranians you should be aware of:
- Slipping on ice – Frozen surfaces are slick and can cause injuries. Opt for booties with rubber soles for stability.
- Dry, cracked skin – Frigid, dry air can cause flaky, itchy skin. Apply moisturizing balm especially on paws, nose, and ears.
- Aggravation of arthritis – The cold can worsen joint pain and stiffness. Discuss supplements or medication options with your vet.
- Respiratory infections – Inhaling freezing air can irritate airways. Skip walks if it’s below freezing and windy.
- Car hazards – Antifreeze has a sweet taste but is toxic. Keep stored away and clean spills promptly.
- Escape risk – Searching for warmth, some dogs will slip out doors/gates. Ensure secure containment.
- Rodenticide poisoning – Dogs eat poisoned rodents. Use humane traps and eliminate open bait boxes.
Exercise During the Winter
During the winter, you should take your Pom for at least two brisk walks per day.
On days with dangerous weather such as below 10 to 20 degrees or snowstorms, you can have indoor exercise. This can be done through an open floor in the living room or a hallway. You can play two timed 20-minute sessions of fetch using a small toy or squeaky ball. Make sure to stop the game right when your dog gets tired. Signal the end of the game with a treat. This way, your Pom will look forward to the next session.
Pomeranians may eat less during the summer, and more during the winter. This means exercise is crucial to maintain a healthy weight. Walking your Pom keeps your heart and muscles healthy. If they don’t get enough exercise, they usually get bored, frustrated, and moody.
A fenced-in yard is a great way for your pom to do his or her business and get a little exercise without being exposed to cold temperatures for long periods of time.
Caring for Pomeranians in the Cold
Follow these care tips for your Pomeranian in the cold:
- Adhere to a normal brushing routine, so that dead hairs are removed, and there aren’t any tangles.
- Apply a dab of conditioner in the morning and before your Pomeranian goes to bed.
- Use a small pin brush and stroke downwards on their fur to the roots. This alleviates and protects their skin from being dry.
- To prevent dry, flaky, and itchy skin, you should bathe your Pom every three weeks. Use a quality shampoo and scrub off all the residue.
- To help with paws cracking, using a paw balm to prevent drying out from harsh climate. If there are salt or chemicals on the ground used to melt ice, you should have your Pom wear booties.
What Food Should Pomeranians Eat if They are Outside for Long Periods in the Cold?
Your Pomeranian’s food requirements typically change in the winter. They expend much more energy in the cold temperatures to keep their body warm. This means you can supply your pet with more food, especially fats and protein, to give them more energy. You can serve your Pom fats such as roasted chicken with skin, fatty beef cuts like chuck, lamb, organ meats such as beef hearts or brains, and sirloin steaks.
If your dog is less active, you can choose leaner cuts of human-quality protein such as fish or poultry. Excellent fish options include tuna and mackerel. Other examples of lean meats are turkey meat, poultry giblets, chicken, hamburger meat, lean chuck, and beef liver.