Green tree pythons are native to New Guinea but can also be found on some islands of Indonesia as well as the Cape York Peninsula on the continent of Australia. They are nonvenomous snakes that spend most of their lives in trees where they feed on lizards and birds but adult green tree pythons may leave the tree to hunt small rodents. They are a very popular pet among snake enthusiasts.
The term morph when used to describe a green tree python refers to the particular native locality the snake is from. It is not a morph in the sense that it was bred to be a certain coloration. That said, there are nearly two dozen different varieties of green tree pythons. Some of the more popular types of green tree python are the Biak from Indonesia and the Aru which is also from Indonesia.
Green tree pythons are also categorized according to the specific type and traits. All types are beautiful snakes to look at and they make great pets even for people who have never owned a snake before.
How Many Green Tree Python Morphs are There?
There are about 20 known green tree python morphs or localities in existence. Snakes from different areas have different distinct colors. Unlike ball pythons, these snakes are not bred for any particular color pattern.
There are also different distinctions between Farm Bred, Imported, Wild Caught, and Long-Term Captive. There is also a distinction made between US Captive Born and US Captive Born and Bred. If you are considering buying a green tree python, be sure to buy one from a trusted breeder of captive born and bred snakes. Buying an imported wild caught snake from New Guinea and other areas is illegal and the snakes are often treated poorly.
Common locality types of green tree pythons include those from the Indonesian islands of Biak, Aru, Padaido Kofiau, Yapen, Misool, Supiori, and Numfor. With mainland types of Arfak, Wamena, Lereh, Cyclops, Bokondini, Karubaga, Merauke, Sorong, Nabire, Manokwari, and Jayapura.
15 Green Tree Python Morphs
Here is a list of 15 of the most popular varieties of this beautiful snake.
Biak Green Tree Python
The Biak Green Tree Python is originally from Eastern Indonesia and is named for the region it was discovered in. These forest-green snakes typically live for 15 to 20 years, and adults can reach between 4 to 6 feet in length.
Like all tree pythons, they prefer to spend most of their time in the branches. A female Biak will lay 12 to 18 eggs annually if they’re successfully bred. Baby Biak pythons are born with vibrant red and yellow scales that gradually change to green as they mature.
Manokwari Green Tree Python
Manokwari Green Tree Pythons are originally from Manokwari, hence their name, along with New Guinea and Eastern Indonesia. These snakes will spend their entire lives in tree branches and have been known to live up to twenty years.
An adult Manokwari can grow up to 4 to 6 feet long with good care and regular feeding. Juveniles start off with brilliant yellow scales that change to deep green, with blue undertones by adulthood.
Jayapura Green Tree Python
Northern New Guinea in Jayapura and Indonesia are the original homes of this jewel-toned snake. Babies are either a rich burgundy or vibrant yellow with white dots and other patterns. By adulthood, these tree pythons will have bright green scales and the white patterns will be blue.
These pythons are slightly smaller than some other types, they typically only reach 4 to 5 feet in length. They can live up to 20 years and females can lay clutches with up to 25 eggs once a year.
Aru Green Tree Python
Originally from Aru Island off the southwest coast of New Guinea and Indonesia, this green tree python will spend its entire life in the trees. Baby Aru Green Tree Pythons are born with bold yellow scales that change to deep greens and blues by adulthood.
These snakes will also have a light dusting of white spots along the dorsal line. Living 15 to 20 years, with proper care, these four to six-foot snakes are often used as display pets due to their vivid coloring.
Cyclops Mountain Green Tree Python
The Cyclops Mountain Green Tree Python was originally found in The Cape York Peninsula in Australia and The New Guinea Islands in Indonesia. While adults have rich green scales with blue undertones, juvenile Cyclops Mountain Green Tree Pythons are a stunning yellow.
Adults can reach up to 5 to 6 feet in length. The life expectancy of these snakes is typically 15 to 20 years. When in captivity, these snakes need high temperatures and humidity, along with plenty of branches for these tree-top hunters.
Misol Green Tree Python
The Misol Island off of Western New Guinea and Indonesia are the original homes of this green tree python species. Misol Green Tree Pythons start off with stunning yellow scales with a burgundy pattern that changes to the traditional deep greens and blues that these snakes are known for.
Adults can live up to twenty years and grow up to six feet in length. Since they do prefer to stay in trees, their enclosures will need plenty of horizontal and vertical branches.
Sorong Green Tree Python
The Sorong forests in Eastern Indonesia were originally home to this species of green tree pythons. Sorong Green Tree Pythons start off either bright red or yellow, changing to a rich green by adulthood.
Even though these tree pythons do not spend all of their time in the branches, plenty of limbs still need to be included in their enclosure. Adults typically live for twenty years, measuring between 4 to 6 feet in length.
Lereh Green Tree Python
Originally from Indonesia and the Aru Island, Lereh Green Tree Pythons are stunning as juveniles and adults. Baby Lereh pythons are a bright yellow that turns to a rich green with blue undertones. Adults also have a dusting of white along their dorsal line.
These snakes spend their entire lives in the trees, making branches a must for their enclosures. Lereh Green Tree Pythons can reach up to 6 feet in length and live up to twenty years. They also require a hot and tropical climate to thrive.
Merauke Green Tree Python
Living entirely in the trees, the Merauke Green Tree Python is originally from the West Coast of Papua in the Merauke region. Babies are either bright yellow or deep red, changing to emerald green by adulthood.
Fully grown, these green tree pythons can measure up to six feet in length. They also have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years with proper care. This type of green tree python spends the majority of its’ life in the branches. Enclosures will need to be set up with this in mind.
Wamena Green Tree Python
Located in central Papua, the Wamena Green Tree Python is from the nearby mountain regions that border the urban area. Like most of their species, adults can reach 4 to 6 feet in length and have a life-span of approximately twenty years.
Juveniles are red or yellow changing to their trademark green by adulthood. Due to their extensive natural habitat, adult Wamena Green Tree Pythons can also have blue or black patterns mixed with the vibrant green.
Australian Green Tree Python
Due to the large number of locations Australian Green Tree Pythons can originate from, it often causes a variation in coloring and patterns. Almost all have a stunning green color but some will also have white dots or lines running down their backs.
Adults can reach 6 feet in length with a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. These are also the least expensive green tree pythons since they are the most common.
Kofiau Green Tree Python
Originally from Kofiau Island, these green tree pythons can measure up to six feet fully grown. Like most pythons, they have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years.
Juveniles are often marked by bright yellow scales that turn to a vibrant green as they reach adulthood. White markings along the body are common. Some adults have blue patterns instead of white, while others have a combination of both.
Yapen Green Tree Python
Yapen Island is home to the same-named green tree python. Like most of its’ species, Yapen Green Tree Pythons spend the majority of the time in branches. Owners will need to remember this when they’re setting up the python’s enclosure.
Juveniles have almost neon bright yellow scales that gradually turn green with repeated molting. Adults can range from 4 to 6 feet in length and have the same 15 to 20-year life expectancy as most of their species.
Batanta Green Tree Python
Batanta Island in the West Papua province in Indonesia is home to this vibrant green tree python. Batanta Green Tree Pythons are known for their jewel-toned colors, often with white dusting along their backs or sides. Babies are bright yellow until reaching two years or so.
These green tree pythons are not comfortable on the ground and require plenty of branches in their enclosures. Adults often measure 5 to 6 feet and can live up to twenty years.
Padaido Green Tree Python
The Padaido Green Tree Python originated from Padaido Island of Papua in Indonesia. Like the majority of its species, this tree python has brilliant green coloring in adulthood.
Fully grown, the Padaido Green Tree Python can reach 5 to 6 feet in length. It also has an expected 15 to 20 year life-span. In captivity, these pythons required a hot and humid climate to thrive.